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OPEC Plus Extends Oil Production Cuts Until 2025 Amid Price Fluctuations

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OPEC Plus has decided to extend its oil production cuts until the end of 2025, affecting global oil prices. Investors are analyzing this strategic move amid fluctuating demand and increased U.S. production.

Oil prices have seen minimal changes in early Monday trading, fluctuating slightly as investors digest OPEC Plus's recent decision to extend production cuts until the end of 2025. Despite this strategic move aimed at stabilizing the market, both Brent crude and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures experienced minor declines. Specifically, Brent crude for the nearest delivery fell by 0.06% to $80.82 per barrel, while WTI crude for July delivery decreased by 0.21% to $76.82 per barrel.

The decision by OPEC Plus—comprising 22 oil-producing countries, including OPEC members and allies led by Russia—extends production cuts totaling 5.86 million barrels per day. This represents approximately 5.7% of the global demand, a significant figure impacting global oil prices. The cuts comprise 3.66 million barrels per day that were initially supposed to end by 2024 and an additional voluntary reduction of 2.2 million barrels per day by eight member states, now extended to September 2024.

Further complicating the market dynamics, the UAE's production quota saw an increment of 300,000 barrels per day, phased in from January to September 2025. Despite this, global oil prices have declined around 10% from peaks observed in early April due to factors such as increased U.S. production and sluggish demand in major economies like China. This has been noted in the prices of both Brent crude and WTI, which have fallen from $91 and $87 per barrel in April to $82 and $78, respectively.

Analysts remain cautious, suggesting that investors will need time to fully comprehend the implications of the OPEC Plus cuts. Vandana Hari of Vanda Insights remarked that the market was not anticipating OPEC Plus to commence the extension of cuts in the fourth quarter. The International Energy Agency (IEA) has also lowered its forecast for global oil demand growth to 1.1 million barrels per day, reflecting weaker demand from developed economies.

Sunday’s OPEC Plus decision coincides with Saudi Arabia's sale of additional shares in its state oil company, Aramco, projected to garner about $13 billion for economic diversification projects. This strategic financial move underscores the complex interplay between oil production policies and economic strategies within major oil-producing nations.

  • In recent months, Middle Eastern geopolitical tensions have also influenced oil prices. A suspected Israeli airstrike on Iran's embassy in Syria in April initially spiked oil prices to new highs before they subsequently decreased.
  • Moreover, the subdued pricing comes despite ongoing production cuts and heightened concerns over limited supply, suggesting a complex market influenced by multiple factors, from escalated production in the U.S. to decreased demand in key markets like Europe.
Clam Reports
Refs: | CNNEE | Aljazeera |

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